It is very important to always have a first aid kit in your home if you have pets, these are some of the things you need to have for those “oh no” moments of rat care. Be warned that even the sweetest tempered rat under enough stress and pain could pose a biting risk. It is a good idea to wrap the rat in a towel with  whatever part is injured sticking out. Unless you have medical training you should take your rat to the vet if one of these supplies is not helping. Find a veterinarian and a 24 hour emergency veterinarian BEFORE anything happens. Nothing is more stressful than calling vets in an emergency to hear “We won’t see your rat.”


Hospital cage: I use a small wire cage with plastic bottom, easy to clean and disinfect. Line with paper towels to protect rats from infections in injuries if necessary.

Raw Local Honey: Great to give a few drops daily for a rat that starts sneezing to control the problem before it becomes an infection. Natural anitbiotic, antifungal, antiviral, and antimycobacterial.  Helps heal wounds when applied directly to the wound. Helps heal ring tail/tail rot when applied to the effected area. Some say it even will help with the beginning stages of bumblefoot when applied topically.

Quik Stop: used to stop the bleeding for minor injuries especially toenails, may need to apply pressure along with the quik stop to stop the bleeding. It does sting! If you do not have quik stop you can use flour or corn starch, however they do not work nearly as well.

Rubbing Alcohol: used to disinfect surfaces that are necessary

Syringe without needle: for medications (typically 1cc syringes and your vet may give you one if you ask nicely)

vet wrap: bandaging that sticks to itself and not the rat, use to protect injuries on the way to the vet

Q tips: for ears or applying meds or to use as a temporary splint (w vet wrap)on the way to the vet for breaks

Nail clippers: use to trim rat nails or even hair away from a wound

Small scissors: used to cut hair from a wound or cut a rat free from something

Ivermectin or revolution: used to treat fleas or rat lice

Nutrical: used to help rats that are thin or not eating, if you don’t have Nutrical, unsulfured molasses (baking section at the grocery store) will work.

Coconut oil: Helps with dandruff, buck grease, or dry skin on hairless rats

Neosporin: for non bleeding wounds to help protect from infection or use raw local honey

Old fashioned oatmeal: helps with temporary soft stool, anything more than soft or soft for a long time should go to the vet

Amoxicillin or Doxycycline: Can be ordered online and kept for respiratory infections. If the rat is sneezing use raw local honey, if the rat is making noise with breathing, treat with antibiotics or go to the vet. Of course, you should go to the vet first, however if financially unable having some on hand may save your rat’s life.


note: Some breeders say that Neosporin may keep a wound too wet, preventing quick healing in rats. I have used Neosporin on rat’s cuts and not had a problem.